By ACC Professor Shana Shaw

What do engineers do?

Simply put, engineers apply technology in useful ways.

What kinds of engineers are there?

Aerospace Engineers

Agricultural Engineers

Biomedical Engineers

      • Apply modern engineering methods to medicine and human health
      • Design medical instrumentation, prostheses, implants, assistive appliances
      • Biomedical Engineering Society (BMES)

Chemical Engineers

Civil Engineers

      • Emphasize structures, strength of materials, construction, soil mechanics
      • Design infrastructure such as transportation systems, water treatment plants, aquifers
      • American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)

Computer Engineers

      • Combines engineering and computer science
      • Design hardware, software, digital communication such as processors, personal computers, networks, operating systems, Internet servers
      • Association for Computing Machinery(ACM)

Electrical Engineers

      • Emphasize all forms and uses of electricity
      • Design information theory, control theory, electronics, television systems, electric power systems, speech processing systems, semiconductors, fiber optics
      • Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE)

Environmental Engineers

Industrial Engineers

Materials Engineers

      • Use all forms of physical matter on a macroscopic and microscopic scale
      • Design composites, fuel cells, metal alloys, ceramics, polymers, biomaterials
      • American Society for Metals (ASM)

Mechanical Engineers

      • Concerned with designing and building physical structures involving mechanical motion using structures, heat transfer, thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, controls, materials, energy conversion
      • Design automobiles, turbines, pumps, furniture, engines, computer cases, appliances, toys
      • American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)

Mechatronics Engineers

Naval Engineers

      • Emphasize materials, structures, water propulsion, dynamics, fluid mechanics
      • Design ships, submarines, yachts, shipping docks, coastal navigation facilities
      • American Society of Naval Engineers (ASNE)

Nuclear Engineers

      • Emphasize atomic physics
      • Design nuclear reactors, nuclear power plants, nuclear waste facilities
      • American Nuclear Society (ANS)

Petroleum Engineers

Systems Engineers

      • Emphasize information systems, automation, supply-chain management, electronics, logistics
      • Design large-scale software and complex engineering systems, communication networks, transportation infrastructure
      • International Council on Systems Engineering (INCOSE)